June 30, 2009
A 10-year-old student of Lemon Crest Elementary School in Lakeside has been diagnosed with pertussis, commonly known as whooping cough. While the student had received all earlier vaccinations, they were due for their booster.
The San Diego County Health and Human Services Agency (HHSA) is working closely with school officials and notification letters have been sent to the parents of all students who may have come into contact with the ill student. The last day of school was June 19.
“Whooping cough is becoming more active in our community,” said Wilma Wooten, M.D., M.P.H., San Diego County Public Health Officer.
“Parents should be aware of the symptoms and if their child is having severe coughing spells, they should consult their primary care physician about testing for whooping cough. This disease is highly contagious.”
Named for the "whoop" sound children and adults sometimes make when they try to breathe in during or after a severe coughing spell, whooping cough usually starts with flu-like symptoms, such as runny nose, sneezing, fever and a mild cough. These symptoms may be mild and brief, or last up to two weeks, but are often followed by severe coughing fits that may be associated with vomiting. Fever, if present, is usually mild. It is treatable with antibiotics.
Whooping cough can occur at any age, but infants and young children are at highest risk of life-threatening complications, the most common of which is pneumonia.
In adolescents and adults, rib fractures and difficulty sleeping may occur. Anyone who is not immunized is at a higher risk for severe whooping cough.
It is recommended that children get five doses of DTaP vaccine, one dose at 2 mo., 4 mo., 6 mo., 15-18 mo., and 4-6 years of age. It is also recommended that people 11- 64 years of age receive a one-time dose of Tdap, given in place of a “tetanus booster,” which is administered every 10 years.
In 2008, there were 51 cases of whooping cough reported in the county. There have been 44 cases to date this year, including this case. For more information about whooping cough, please call the HHSA Immunization Branch at (619) 692-8661, or visit the web site at www.sdiz.org.
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